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Protecting Backyard Chickens Against Predators

Protecting Backyard Chickens Against Predators: A Comprehensive Guide

Backyard chickens, with their endearing personalities and undeniable benefits, are a joy to many homeowners. However, these delightful birds can also be a magnet for predators. Whether you’re a new chicken owner or have been keeping them for years, protecting your flock from potential threats is paramount. Let’s explore the best strategies and measures to safeguard your chickens from the many predators out there.

1. Know the Common Predators:

First, it’s essential to identify which predators are common in your area. While this isn’t an exhaustive list, some common chicken predators include:

  • Foxes
  • Raccoons
  • Hawks
  • Owls
  • Coyotes
  • Snakes
  • Skunks
  • Weasels and minks
  • Domesticated animals like cats and dogs

2. Sturdy and Secure Housing:

Coop Design: A well-designed chicken coop is the first line of defense. Ensure the coop has no gaps or holes. Even small openings can be an invitation for weasels or snakes.

Hardware Cloth: Replace chicken wire with hardware cloth. While chicken wire keeps chickens in, it doesn’t keep predators out. Raccoons, for example, can reach through chicken wire and harm your birds.

Locking Mechanism: Raccoons are incredibly dexterous. To prevent them from unlatching the door, use a two-step locking mechanism.

3. Fortified Chicken Run:

A chicken run, when built properly, allows your chickens to enjoy the outdoors while being protected. Some protection methods include:

  • Bury the Fencing: Dig at least a foot down and bury your fencing. This prevents digging predators like foxes or coyotes from gaining access.
  • Cover the Top: Birds of prey can swoop down into open runs. Use netting or mesh on top of your run to deter them.

4. Nighttime Precautions:

Most predators are nocturnal. Make it a routine to:

  • Lock Up Before Dusk: Ensure your chickens are locked up every evening.
  • Lighting: Install motion-activated lights. The sudden illumination can scare off many potential predators.

5. Natural Deterrents:

  • Guard Animals: Dogs, llamas, and even geese can be great at deterring predators. However, ensure any guardian animal is trained and trustworthy around your chickens.
  • Roosters: While they might not fend off all predators, a good rooster is protective and will alert the flock to danger.

6. Safe Free-Ranging Practices:

If you allow your chickens to free-range:

  • Supervise Them: Just being present can deter many predators.
  • Provide Cover: Shrubs, tall grasses, and structures can give chickens places to hide if a predator is nearby.

7. Regularly Check Boundaries and Barriers:

Fences deteriorate, locks get rusty, and predators can be persistent. Regularly inspect and maintain your coop, run, and any other barriers.

8. Take Precautions Against Aerial Predators:

Hawks and owls pose unique challenges. Here are measures specific to them:

  • Garden Netting: Over areas where chickens roam, garden netting can prevent birds of prey from swooping down.
  • Distracting Flags: Some chicken keepers swear by shiny objects or fluttering flags to deter hawks.

9. Understand and Act Quickly to Signs of Predation:

If you notice missing birds, feathers everywhere, or even tracks, it’s essential to identify which predator you’re dealing with and take specific measures against them.

10. Remove Attractants:

  • Store Feed Securely: Food can attract not just predators but other pests like rats.
  • Clean Regularly: Leftover food and even eggs can be an invitation to hungry animals. Regular cleaning minimizes these attractants.

11. Get Local Advice:

Join local poultry clubs or online forums. The experiences of local poultry keepers can provide invaluable insights into which predators are most active in your area and how best to deter them.


Protecting your backyard chickens from predators requires vigilance, regular maintenance, and a proactive approach. However, the effort is undoubtedly worth it when you consider the safety and well-being of your cherished flock. By following this guide and always staying informed about potential threats, you’ll ensure that your chickens lead a safe, happy, and productive life in your backyard.